The only way of treating cataract is opaque eye lens surgical removal. You should not believe that some drops, diet or exercises will help you to get rid of this disease.
Currently the operation methods are elaborated in details, doctors have advanced equipment, and in the majority of cases the operation produces positive result.
Don’t worry and trust your doctor. After the operation you will be able to return to normal life again: to work, read, watch TV and so on. Unfortunately, if you have the eye nerve or retina accompanying disease, the operation positive effect may be reduced.
During the operation, the surgeon will replace your opaque eye lens with absolutely different lens which is reliable and functions perfectly, not worse than the natural one.
During the operation preparation period, routine blood count and urinalysis is taken, alongside with electrocardiogram, X-ray photograph and examinations by dentist, otolaryngologist and physician.
Absence of acute inflammation processes and chronic disease acute conditions is a prerequisite for successful operation.
Surgeon, assistant surgeon, operation nurse, anesthesiologist and anesthesiologist nurse will be with you in the operating-room. Contemporary methods of anesthesia eliminate pain completely. Cataract removal is performed under the operation microscope.
The operation is performed in the following way: after local anesthesia application and securing the eye’s immobility, incision is made by microsurgical instruments having blades of diamond, sapphire, ruby.
After this, the eye lens capsule (shell) is dissected and the opaque eye lens is removed. The special viscoelastic preparations provides the eye tissues protection during the operation.
Currently, different methods of cataract removal are applied: phacoemulsification (grinding the opaque eye lens by means of the ultrasonic device – phacoemulsificator) or laser grinding the cataract with subsequent drawing off the lens fragments. In these operations, the incision is so small that it does not need to be sown.
In some cases, when phacoemulsification or cataract laser grinding are impossible to perform, the surgeon uses other methods for the opaque eye lens removal in which the operational incision is sown by special extra thin thread.
There are many types of intraocular lenses. The main type is the back chamber lenses placed behind the iris and the pupil lenses placed in the eye pupil. It is up to the surgeon to decide which lenses type suits your eye.
The artificial eye lens optic force is selected for every patient on the individual basis and depends on the eye anatomic and optic peculiar features.
In addition, the doctor takes into account the character of your profession and social conditions. If you like driving, hunting or doing sports, a lens allowing not to use spectacles for watching to the distance, will be selected for you.
If you have to read and write much, artificial eye lens will allow you not to apply to spectacles for this.
In very rare cases, in heavy accompanying pathology of the eye, the doctor can make the decision that implanting intraocular lens might be not expedient.
During the first days after the operation, the outward objects might look slightly distorted to you. This is because the pupil is dilated and there are sutures remained on the eye in some cases. As soon as the pupil narrows, you will feel the vision improvement, and within several weeks after the operation, your eyesight will be completely recovered.
In some rare cases, the back capsule of the removed eye lens might turn opaque within several months after the operation. The patient feels some eyesight deterioration in the operated eye. This phenomena is called secondary cataract. There are no reasons for serious concerns: after the relevant procedure with laser application is performed, the eyesight is restored within several hours.
Tips for Quick Recovery
If you want your post-operation period to be quick and with no complications, follow our specialists’ advice:
- Avoid sleeping on the side of the operated eye within the first 2-3 weeks after the operation;
- Don’t rub the operated eye with your hand, don’t press the eye.
- When you take a shower or a bath, beware of water or soap foam falling into the eye. For this purpose the eye may be covered with sterile gauze bandage napkin or with plaster. After taking a shower, using disinfecting eye drops is recommended.
- Wear sunglasses when you are outside.
- Try to protect your operated eye from sharp temperature changes: refrain from attending bath-house, swimming-pool and sauna within the first three months after the operation.
- Don’t lift weights.
- Refrain from doing physical labor, especially related to the head binding, within three months after the operation.
- Don’t stoop but squat to pick up something from the floor.
- Eye cosmetics may be used not earlier than a month after the operation.
- Doing sports is not allowed within the first three months after the operation. In a course of time you may start doing morning exercises, do swimming, jogging and other physical exercises do not related to the body sharp shaking and straining (some sports are absolutely forbidden, such as sprint, diving, horse-riding, weighting lifts, boxing.
- Don’t drive until the eye is completely healed.